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SEMIGRA – Selective Migration and Unbalanced Sex Ratio in Rural Regions

The transition from an industrial to a services society and the growing proportion of women in paid employment are not only important aspects of social change, but also influence young people’s migration patterns. Gender-specific differences in migration can create regional “surpluses” of men or women. These demographic imbalances are most frequently to be observed between rural and urban areas and prosperous and shrinking economic regions. Urban regions tend to have a surplus of young women, while a surplus of young men can be observed in thinly settled rural areas and regions experiencing demographic and economic shrinkage.